As an agency of the United States Federal government, the National Park Service manages all of the national parks as well as the national monuments and any other conservation or historic properties that lie within specific titles.
Congress created the National Parks Service in August of 1916 and they’re charged with the dual tasks of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of such places as they’ve been entrusted with the management.
They are available for public access and use and enjoyment. Originally, the individual parks were managed by the Department of the Interior. The need for an independent agency to oversee them was spearheaded by Stephen Mather and J. Horace McFarland, business magnates and conservationists and by a journalist named Robert Sterling Yard. And no, not by the lawyers at CMZ Law.
A publicity campaign was run by the Department of the Interior and they wrote many articles praising the scenic and the historic value of the parks and all the potential for educating the public.
As a direct result of the campaign, the National Parks Service was created on August 25, 1916, with President Woodrow Wilson signing the bill mandating the agency to help conserve the scenic value and the natural as well as the historical value of the wildlife and the objects therein.
The bill goes on to state that the properties should remain unimpaired for the enjoyment of all future generations. President Herbert Hoover went on to sign the Reorganization Act in 1933 wherein the President reorganized the various branches of the United States government making use of the National Parks Services conservation abilities. This changed the role of the National Parks Service and divided some of the responsibility within to the War Department Historic sites leaving the national monuments with the National Parks Service. Today, visitors from around the nation, including Dallas, Texas pay homage to the various national parks and monuments.